Drivers and technicians
need to understand the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations
contained in CFR 399 Appendix G that defines "safety
sensitive" defects that would render the unit out of service
during a pre or post-trip inspection.
is the Guidance for FMCSA CFR 396.11:
Question 6: Does
§396.11(c) require a motor carrier to effect repairs of all items
listed on a DVIR prepared by a driver before the vehicle is
Guidance: The motor
carrier must effect repairs of defective or missing parts and
accessories listed in Appendix G to the FMCSRs before allowing the
vehicle to be driven.
The Drivers Daily
Inspection Processes are a requirement of the Federal Motor Carrier
Safety Regulations to insure the vehicle is in safe operating
A crucial part of each and
every driver's daily operation is to inspect the commercial vehicle
they are operating. Over the years there has been confusion
regarding pre and post trip inspections. Let's start with the
pre-trip inspection. FMCSA regulations CFR 396.13 state
that before driving a motor vehicle, the driver shall:
(a) Be satisfied that the
vehicle is in safe operating condition;
(b) Review the last driver
vehicle inspection report; and
(c) Sign the report, only
if the driver who prepared the report, to
acknowledge that the driver has reviewed it and that there is
a certification that the required
repairs have been performed, noted defects or
deficiencies. The signature requirement does
not apply to listed defects on a towed unit, which is no
longer part of the vehicle combination.
Does the pre-trip
inspection need to be documented? Although the pre-trip is
not required by regulation to be documented, it is a good idea to
document the inspection; I recommend that the pre-trip inspection
be "flagged" on the driver's record of duty status in the
Now let's take a look at
the post trip inspection. The FMCSA CFR 396.11 requires that
every driver report, and prepare a report in writing at the
completion of each day's work on each vehicle operated and that
report (DVIR) shall cover the following parts and accessories:
(a) Service brakes
including trailer brake connections.
(b) Parking (hand) brake
(c) Steering Mechanism
(d) Lighting devices and
(g) Windshield Wipers
(h) Rear vision mirrors
(i) Coupling devices
(j) Wheels and rims
(k) Emergency equipment.
The report shall identify
the vehicle and list any defect or deficiency in the vehicle that
would affect the safe operation of the vehicle or cause a
mechanical breakdown. If there are no defects or deficiencies
the driver shall so indicate on the DVIR. In all instances
the driver is required to sign the DVIR upon completion.
Now if there are defects
or deficiencies noted by the driver the motor carrier is required
to correct or cause to have corrected the defects or deficiencies
of the CMV prior to allowing or permitting the operation of the vehicle.
Does this mean all defects and deficiencies have to be
corrected? NO, only those as outlined in appendix G of the
FMCSR that would directly affect the safe operation of the
Technicians, drivers and
service managers should all become familiar with appendix G to
determine which defect/deficiencies must be corrected immediately
and which can be held off until the next PM or later date.
Once the defect /deficiency(s) have been corrected the original
DVIR is required to be "certified" as corrected or that
the correction was unnecessary. The DVIR is then to be signed
by the repairing technician. The "certification" is
required to be on all copies of the DVIR. The driver is to
retain the previous days DVIR on the CMV and the motor carrier is required
to maintain all DVIRs for ninety days.
If you have not reviewed
appendix G of FMCSA CFR 399 with your drivers I would recommend
that you include this information in your next driver safety
CLICK HERE to
link to Appendix G.