Modernization Safety Act
The FDA Food Safety Modernization Act of 2010 was signed into law
by President Barack Obama on January 4, 2011. It aims to
ensure the U.S. food supply is safe by shifting the focus of
federal regulators from responding to contamination to preventing
The FMSA is about more than simply another set of rules to
follow. It’s about coordinating the efforts of everyone in
the cold chain, from farm to fork. From the folks that regulate
where the food comes from (farms, imports), to who receives them
(retail grocery, restaurants), to the people that transport the
food, and most importantly the people that rent and lease the
trucks that do the transportation.
All of this costs money. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimated
that, to implement FMSA effectively, the FDA would need a
cumulative increase of $583 million over the first five years
following enactment. Due to this funding concern, full
implementation is not expected until fall of 2016 or early 2017.
Regardless of the timetable, we at Idealease have prepared for this
implementation by making certain we have the technical expertise
and capabilities of ensuring we comply with the legal requirements
of the FMSA. This allows Idealease to provide the stability, responsiveness,
and expertise that define us.
and Food Safety Challenges
In addition to impending legislation, there are many other
challenges facing the transportation industry. According to
an internet based study conducted by RWI Transportation at the
beginning of the fiscal year 2012, the two biggest challenges
facing shippers of refrigerated products today include capacity,
and temperature control.
Capacity - 76
percent of those surveyed indicated they have experienced issues
with lack of available refrigerated trucks during peak
seasons. It has been reported that there is often a shortage
by as much as a 15 percent of the trucks available to customers.
A common approach to overcoming this challenge is seeking leasing
companies that can provide a reliable means to transport
refrigerated products to their customers. Customers need help
in getting their goods to market and Idealease has a significant
opportunity to provide to them the trucks and maintenance services
they require. In short, there is a growing demand that is
rising quickly and the investment in training made by Idealease is
allowing us to stay ahead of it.
Temperatures – The primary reason loads are rejected is for
temperature variances that are either too warm or too cool.
The cost of not maintaining the appropriate temperature of the load
goes beyond the cost of the load itself. There are less
obvious impacts to our customers’ business, including the time it
takes to check a load, inspecting it to see if it is salvageable,
the time it takes to unload the truck and the delay getting the
replacement shipment to their customers. But the biggest cost
is the affect on the relationship with their truck leasing company,
which could cause the leasing company to lose the account.
Idealease is a company that succeeds when our trucks are on the
road being used by our customers, not in the shop being
repaired. Proper maintenance of the truck and the reefer unit
will ensure our PM Currency is where it should be, continuing to
provide the high level of service that our customers have come to
“As we look at
the future of our industry it is apparent that refrigeration will
be an expanding market as more and more leasing customer’s use
refrigeration to transport their products… refrigeration
technology, product requirements and regulations are changing and
becoming more demanding on the service providers.”
Performing a proper Pre-trip on TK
and Carrier Units
no doubt that refrigerated transport is a critical piece of our
ongoing success. And, part of that success is making certain
the trucks in our care are functioning properly.
An easy way to determine the health of the refrigerated unit is to
perform an automatic
pretrip. An automatic pretrip will test a
variety of systems on the refrigerated unit.
Carrier Transicold truck refrigeration units are capable of
performing an automatic pretrip that will automatically start the
unit and move it through each of its operating modes: Low Speed Cool, High Speed
Cool, Low Speed Heat, High Speed Heat, and Defrost.
Thermo King truck refrigeration units are capable of performing the
same test as Carrier, but with the addition of testing nearly 40
inputs and outputs of the system microprocessor as well.
These automatic pretrip tests are critical in validating the
integrity of the refrigeration unit to keep product safe, and
should be performed before product is loaded and after product
Loading and Delivery Best
- Pretrip your truck/trailer before pre-cooling
and loading product:
- Initiate an automatic pretrip to identify
any operational concerns while the reefer cycles through all
of its modes. Do not load trailer if alarm codes
indicate service is needed.
- Inspect the condition of the
truck/trailer, noting any damage to the insulation, door
seals, and defrost drains.
- Clean inside of truck/trailer. To
prevent contamination hazards and blockage of airflow, the
floor channels and refrigeration unit air stream must be free
- Pre-cool truck/trailer:
- Always pre-cool truck/trailer to the
temperature of the product to be loaded. Doing so will
remove unwanted heat from the truck/trailer walls, floor and
refrigeration units are not designed to lower product
- Load product with the proper loading pattern:
- Product should be loaded quickly and
efficiently using the proper loading patterns that maximize
air circulation around and through the product load.
Product should never be loaded tightly against the evaporator
housing, doors, walls, ceiling, or tightly against other
pallets of product. All six sides of all pallets should be
exposed to airflow.
- Delivery Practices:
- Inspect strip curtains (if used), report
any damage to your supervisor.
- Be certain reefer unit is off when opening
doors, reefers will pull in warm, humid air if the door is
left open while the unit is running.
- Minimize door opening duration to further
reduce this intake of warm outside air. Remember, the
longer the doors are open, the longer it will take to regain
the proper temperature.
- Move product quickly when delivering to
cross dock locations.