28% of all roadside
vehicle violations last year, out of 2.4 million inspections, dealt
with lights or reflective materials.
Light violations are a
severity point assessment of 6 CSA points and a conspicuity of
reflective tape violations are 3 CSA points.
and Post trip inspections and reporting of lighting defects on the
daily vehicle inspection report.
25% of vehicle violations
are for brakes, with over 1 million brake violations last year,
each with four CSA points.
is key. Make sure drivers know what to look for and when to get
assistance with their brakes. The only way to find a brake
adjustment problem is to carefully measure the stroke, and
adjusting a brake that has an automatic adjuster won't fix the problem
(and may make it worse).
11% of vehicle violations
are for tires (half for tread depth), with a CSA severity of eight
Steer tires must have 4/32
inch of tread depth; other tires must have 2/32 inch.
and Post Trip inspections that identify tires that are getting
close to regulation requirements being reported on the daily
vehicle inspection report. Drivers need to know how and when
to check inflation (with a gauge!) and when it's time for a replacement.
Manner" and "Log Not Current" violations make up 25%
of all driver violations at the roadside, far and above any other
violation. A form/manner violation carries just one CSA point, but
a log that isn't current is worth five.
hours of service regulations with all drivers upon orientation and
throughout the year during driver meetings.
Monitor hours of service
documentation for violations.
Implement a progressive
disciplinary policy for violators with termination as the ultimate
electronic logging devices.
Violation: Medical issues
12% of driver violations
are related to medical issues, often a failure to have a valid
medical certificate. These carry a low CSA point value of one or
two, although driving while physically ill is a 10-point violation.
the expiration of your drivers' medical cards and make sure they
get updated, placed in drivers' files, carried in the vehicle and
turned in to the state licensing agency. Make sure drivers know
exactly what's required of them, and have consequences in place for
those who fail to comply.
Some of these violations
may go away once we have the National Registry of Medical
Examiners, and once interstate CDL drivers no longer have to carry
their medical cards (in Feb. 2015).
Violation: English ability
This violation has been
surging in recent years, currently at 9% of all driver violations
and carrying four CSA points.
Compliance is complicated
because there is no yes/no standard. Key for a roadside inspection
is being able to fill out paperwork, speak with officers and answer
their questions, all in English.
hiring practices should filter out drivers who simply cannot meet
the standard. Use training and practice to help drivers know how to
respond to typical questions about their logs, their trips and
cargo, their insurance, registration, license and their vehicle.