From:                              Idealease <>

Sent:                               Friday, June 05, 2015 4:05 PM


Subject:                          Idealease Safety Bulletin - Violations



Idealease Safety Bulletin






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Six Most Common CSA violations 



 1. Violation: Lighting

28% of all roadside vehicle violations last year, out of 2.4 million inspections, dealt with lights or reflective materials.


Light violations are a severity point assessment of 6 CSA points and a conspicuity of reflective tape violations are 3 CSA points.


Prevention: Pre and Post trip inspections and reporting of lighting defects on the daily vehicle inspection report.

2. Violation: Brakes

25% of vehicle violations are for brakes, with over 1 million brake violations last year, each with four CSA points.


Prevention: Training is key. Make sure drivers know what to look for and when to get assistance with their brakes. The only way to find a brake adjustment problem is to carefully measure the stroke, and adjusting a brake that has an automatic adjuster won't fix the problem (and may make it worse).

3. Violation: Tires

11% of vehicle violations are for tires (half for tread depth), with a CSA severity of eight points.


Steer tires must have 4/32 inch of tread depth; other tires must have 2/32 inch.


Prevention: Pre and Post Trip inspections that identify tires that are getting close to regulation requirements being reported on the daily vehicle inspection report.  Drivers need to know how and when to check inflation (with a gauge!) and when it's time for a replacement.




1. Violation: Logs

"Form & Manner" and "Log Not Current" violations make up 25% of all driver violations at the roadside, far and above any other violation. A form/manner violation carries just one CSA point, but a log that isn't current is worth five.


Prevention: Review hours of service regulations with all drivers upon orientation and throughout the year during driver meetings.


Monitor hours of service documentation for violations.


Implement a progressive disciplinary policy for violators with termination as the ultimate action taken.


Consider implementing electronic logging devices.


2. Violation: Medical issues

12% of driver violations are related to medical issues, often a failure to have a valid medical certificate. These carry a low CSA point value of one or two, although driving while physically ill is a 10-point violation.


Prevention: Track the expiration of your drivers' medical cards and make sure they get updated, placed in drivers' files, carried in the vehicle and turned in to the state licensing agency. Make sure drivers know exactly what's required of them, and have consequences in place for those who fail to comply.


Some of these violations may go away once we have the National Registry of Medical Examiners, and once interstate CDL drivers no longer have to carry their medical cards (in Feb. 2015).

3. Violation: English ability

This violation has been surging in recent years, currently at 9% of all driver violations and carrying four CSA points.


Compliance is complicated because there is no yes/no standard. Key for a roadside inspection is being able to fill out paperwork, speak with officers and answer their questions, all in English.


Prevention: Your hiring practices should filter out drivers who simply cannot meet the standard. Use training and practice to help drivers know how to respond to typical questions about their logs, their trips and cargo, their insurance, registration, license and their vehicle.



"Red Flag" Driver Violations


When investigating a motor carrier, a Safety Investigator (SI) looks at driver history for egregious violations of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSRs). These violations are sometimes referred to as Red Flag Violations and are always investigated as part of a carrier investigation. The SI conducting the investigation looks to see if the violation has been corrected. At present, there are 12 such violations, though this list may be updated periodically. These violations are outlined in the table below, along with the Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs) to which they correspond.





Driver Fitness


Operating a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) with more than one driver's license

Driver Fitness


Operating a CMV without a valid commercial driver's license (CDL)

Driver Fitness


Driving a CMV (CDL) while disqualified

Driver Fitness


Operating a CMV with improper CDL group

Driver Fitness


Unqualified driver

Driver Fitness


Driver lacking valid license for type of vehicle being operated 

Driver Fitness


Driver disqualified from operating CMV

Driver Fitness


Driving a CMV while disqualified

Controlled Substances/Alcohol


Driver uses or is in possession of drugs

Controlled Substances/Alcohol


Possession/use/under influence of alcohol less than 4 hours prior to duty

Fatigued Driving (HOS)


Driving after being declared out-of-service (OOS)

Vehicle Maintenance


Operating an OOS vehicle


Any driver violations identified and addressed during carrier investigations that are not corrected may result in a driver Notice of Violation or Notice of Claim.



June 5, 2015



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What Do You Live For?


Celebrate and Participate in National Safety Month


Everyone has something they live to see or experience. No matter what your passion is, we engage in safe behaviors so we can live for what matters to us.


This June, the National Safety Council (NSC) is celebrating your passions with the theme of "What I Live For".  By sharing your stories and providing you with resources such as posters, tip sheets, safety checklists and an infographic.


This year, the NSC will be focusing on the important topics of prescription painkiller abuse, transportation safety, ergonomics, emergency preparedness and slips, trips and falls. Be on the lookout as we get closer to June for materials you can use to engage your employees, co-workers, family and friends in safety.


Visit the NSC Safety Month Website at:



Driver Training Committee Reaches Consensus on Standards


The Entry-Level Driver Training Advisory Committee completed its "negotiated rulemaking" deliberations last week and reportedly reached a consensus on standards and certification that will allow the Federal Motor Carrier Safety administration to proceed to develop a proposed rule.


At the committee's last meeting on May 28-29, it reached a substantial consensus on the required hours of training, the type of curriculum, and the method certification of training programs.  The committee's facilitator will now draft a final report to the FMCSA setting out the agreed terms, and the agency may use that agreement as the basis for a proposed rulemaking.



Register Now for the 2015 Idealease/NPTC Safety Seminars!



Idealease, its members and the National Private Truck Council NPTC will again be hosting safety seminars in 2015. The one day seminars this year will focus on basic safety and compliance, regulation changes and CSA.  The seminars and will be provided to all Idealease customers, potential customers and NPTC members at no charge.  The seminar provides important information applicable for both the novice and experienced transportation professionals.


To register for an upcoming seminar in 2015 CLICK HERE.



2015 Idealease Safety Seminar Schedule:


June 25

Santa Rosa, CA

October 13

Toledo, OH

October 14

Grand Rapids, MI

October 20

Las Vegas, NV

October 21

Los Angeles, CA

October 22

San Martin, CA





The Idealease Safety Bulletin is provided for Idealease affiliates and their customers and is not to be construed as a complete or exhaustive source of compliance or safety information. The Idealease Safety Bulletin is advisory in nature and does not warrant, guarantee, or otherwise certify compliance with laws, regulations, requirements, or guidelines of any local, state, or Federal agency and/or governing body, or industry standards.



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