From:                              Idealease <>

Sent:                               Friday, June 13, 2014 5:27 PM


Subject:                          Idealease Safety Bulletin - 6 Most Common CSA Violations



Idealease Safety Bulletin






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6 most common CSA violations


The truck


Violation: Lighting

28% of all roadside vehicle violations last year, out of 2.4 million inspections, dealt with lights or reflective materials.

Light violations are a severity point assessment of 6 CSA points and a conspicuity of reflective tape violations are 3 CSA points.


Prevention: Pre and Post trip inspections and reporting of lighting defects on the daily vehicle inspection report.

Violation: Brakes

25% of vehicle violations are for brakes, with over 1 million brake violations last year, each with four CSA points.


Prevention: Training is key. Make sure drivers know what to look for and when to get assistance with their brakes. The only way to find a brake adjustment problem is to carefully measure the stroke, and adjusting a brake that has an automatic adjuster won't fix the problem (and may make it worse).

Violation: Tires

11% of vehicle violations are for tires (half for tread depth), with a CSA severity of eight points.  Steer tires must have 4/32 inch of tread depth; other tires must have 2/32 inch.


Prevention: Pre and Post Trip inspections that identify tires that are getting close to regulation requirements being reported on the daily vehicle inspection report. Drivers need to know how and when to check inflation (with a gauge!) and when it's time for a replacement.


The Driver


Violation: Logs

"Form & Manner" and "Log Not Current" violations make up 25% of all driver violations at the roadside, far and above any other violation. A form/manner violation carries just one CSA point, but a log that isn't current is worth five.


Prevention: Review hours of service regulations with all drivers upon orientation and throughout the year during driver meetings.

Monitor hours of service documentation for violations.

Implement a progressive disciplinary policy for violators with termination as the ultimate action taken.  Consider implementing electronic logging devices.


Violation: Medical issues

12% of driver violations are related to medical issues, often a failure to have a valid medical certificate. These carry a low CSA point value of one or two, although driving while physically ill is a 10-point violation.


Prevention: Track the expiration of your drivers' medical cards and make sure they get updated, placed in drivers' files, carried in the vehicle and turned in to the state licensing agency. Make sure drivers know exactly what's required of them, and have consequences in place for those who fail to comply.

Some of these violations may go away once we have the National Registry of Medical Examiners, and once interstate CDL drivers no longer have to carry their medical cards (in Feb. 2015).   


Violation: English ability

This violation has been surging in recent years, currently at 9% of all driver violations and carrying four CSA points.

Compliance is complicated because there is no yes/no standard. Key for a roadside inspection is being able to fill out paperwork, speak with officers and answer their questions, all in English.


Prevention: Your hiring practices should filter out drivers who simply cannot meet the standard. Use training and practice to help drivers know how to respond to typical questions about their logs, their trips and cargo, their insurance, registration, license and their vehicle.



What are you doing to protect your employees from Heat Exhaustion and Heat Stroke?


These conditions are created when our body is unable to regulate our heat production at a safe level.


First of all we need to make all of are employees aware of the signs and symptoms for these conditions:

1. Fatigue, weakness, fainting.

2. Nausea and vomiting.

3. Headache

4. Dizziness

5. Muscle cramps

6. Irritability.

7. Sweating (absence or presence)

8. Paleness.


These conditions can be further escalated by the physical condition of your employees.


Employees at a greater risk for heat exhaustion and heat stroke are those with:

Heart disease, Skin diseases, Extensive burns, Endocrine disorders (hyperthyroidism, diabetes, etc.), High blood pressure, overweight, depression, insomnia and fever. Over the counter drugs can also contribute to a greater risk for these conditions.




What can you do to prevent them?


1. Use Common sense!


2. Limit your exposure to direct sunlight as much as possible.


3. Drink more fluids (non-alcoholic); do not drink fluids that contain caffeine or large amounts of sugar. Sport drinks are good as they replace electrolytes and salt in your body. Avoid extremely cold fluids as these can cause stomach cramps. Drink often throughout the day 4-6 ounces at a time. WATER IS GOOD!


4. Wear lightweight, light colored, loose fitting clothing that does not create a safety hazard for your work environment. If outdoors, wear a hat to reduce

direct exposure to the sun.


5. Avoid hot foods and heavy meals- they add heat to your body.


6. Drivers who are on routes should pack a cooler with water for the day. Also keep an umbrella in the truck if you are operating in extreme conditions, (desolate, desert, etc.), this will allow you to move to an area with breeze and still be protected from the sun.


7. If exposure to the sun is inevitable, apply generous amounts of sunscreen with a high SPF rating to exposed skin.


8. Make sure your truck is in excellent condition. A good pre-trip inspection is crucial in extreme heat operating conditions to prevent breakdowns, other wise you may find yourself and your unit on the side of the road exposed to the extreme heat.



June 13, 2014



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Question of the Week:


Is it against the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations to transport a passenger who is not authorized by a motor carrier?


Answer: YES, 392.60


Unauthorized persons not to be transported.

Unless specifically authorized in writing to do so by the motor carrier under whose authority the commercial motor vehicle is being operated, no driver shall transport any person or permit any person to be transported on any commercial motor vehicle other than a bus. When such authorization is issued, it shall state the name of the person to be transported, the points where the transportation is to begin and end, and the date upon which such authority expires. No written authorization, however, shall be necessary for the transportation of:


(1) Employees or other persons assigned to a commercial motor vehicle by a motor carrier;


(2) Any person transported when aid is being rendered in case of an accident or other emergency;


(3) An attendant delegated to care for livestock.

Does your company have a policy in place regarding passengers?






June is National Safety Month



The 2014 National Safety Month theme, "Safety: It takes all of us," was inspired by the idea of continuous risk reduction - a key pillar in the Journey to Safety Excellence. A successful safety program depends on spotting hazards early, evaluating their risk and removing or controlling them before harm is done. Use this June to find creative ways to engage everyone in reducing risk in your workplaces. A little effort today has the potential to prevent tragedy tomorrow.







The Idealease Safety Bulletin is provided for Idealease affiliates and their customers and is not to be construed as a complete or exhaustive source of compliance or safety information. The Idealease Safety Bulletin is advisory in nature and does not warrant, guarantee, or otherwise certify compliance with laws, regulations, requirements, or guidelines of any local, state, or Federal agency and/or governing body, or industry standards.



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